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Keywords:
Acropolis, Acropolis Archaic

Caption:
Segment of the Mycenaean wall south of the Propylaia. This section of the wall was used as part of the forecourt for the "Old Propylon" (the Archaic entrance system at the west end of the Acropolis before the Persian attack in 480 BC). The architectural form of this "Old Propylon", the predecessor to the Classical Propylaia, is the subject of a great deal of scholarly debate. What we can see here are parts of a stone pavement, a bench, and a base for something like a tripod, perirrhanterion (holy water basin), or other monument. The upright marble slabs (or orthostates) which line the western (outer) face of the wall are actually reused metopes from the so-called "H-Architecture" ("Bluebeard Temple). This temple was constructed c. 560 BC and was the first monumental, stone, Doric temple on the Acropolis. It was apparently dismantled sometime before 480 BC.
 
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