Lysikrates Monument

The Lysikrates Monument (335/334 B.C.). This was the front of the building and the side meant to be seen directly from the Street of the Tripods. In the center of the architrave, between the two columns, is an ancient inscription: "Lysikrates of Kikyna, son of Lysitheides, was choregos; the tribe of Akamantis won the victory with a chorus of boys; Theon played the flute; Lysiades of Athens trained the chorus; Euainetos was archon" (IG II2 3042). Among the many specific details we learn from this inscription is the date of the victory (and presumaby the building). Based upon lists of Athenian eponymous archons (magistrates after whom the entire year was named), we can calculate that Euainetos was archon in 335/334 B.C. (that is, the Athenian year that began in August 335 B.C. of our modern calendar and lasted until 334 B.C.). It is rare for us to have such a specific date for an ancient monument. Note also what the ancient considered important to record in the inscription: the choregos (producer) who provided the funds, the tribe, the type of chorus, the name of the musician, the name of the poet (who trained or "taught" the chorus, and the city official who was in charge that year. The subject of the choral performance is NOT recored, but most people think it must have been the same story (Dionysos and the pirates) depicted in the frieze. View from the east. Photo taken February 6, 2000.