Lysikrates Monument

The Lysikrates Monument (335/334 B.C.). Detail of the entablature on the south side. At the bottom , you can see the worn Corinthian capitals and the curved slabs of Hymettian marble between the columns. At the top of each slab were tripods carved in relief, symbols of victory. Above the capitals is the architrave (or epistyle), here carved in 3 horizontal bands (a triple-fascia). Above the architrave is a frieze carved in a continuous band of relief decoration. The frieze depicts a story from Greek myth: the god Dionysos and the Tyrrhenian pirates (whom he turned into dolphins). If you look carefully, you can see on the transformed pirates on the right side. Most scholars believe that this story was the subject of the winning choral perfomance produced by Lysikrates (although we do not have direct evidence to prove it). Above the sculpted frieze is another small frieze of dentils, here carved togetherwith a the cornice (or geison). The domed roof of the building is one block of Pentelic marble, carved in a leaf pattern on top. In the center is the finial, carved with the leaves of an acanthus plant, which supported the bronze tripod.