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The tribal heroes as a group: history.

The tribal heroes as a group: mythology.

The individual heroes: Ajax.

The individual heroes: Aigeus.

The individual heroes: Akamas.

The individual heroes: Antiochos.

The individual heroes: Erechtheus.

The individual heroes: Hippothoon.

The individual heroes: Kekrops.

The individual heroes: Leos.

The individual heroes: Oineus.

The individual heroes: Pandion.

Images of the heroes: sculpture.

Images of the heroes: paintings.

Further Reading.

Index of Citations

General Index

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Athenian Political Art from the fifth and fourth centuries: Images of Tribal (Eponymous) Heroes 

Amy C. Smith, edition of January 18 2003

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· Summary ·

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The Cleisthenic reforms of 508/7, which firmly established democracy at Athens, imposed a new division of Attica into ten tribes, each of which constituted a new political and military unit, but included citizens from each of the three geographical regions of Attica—the city, the coast, and the inland. Enrollment in a tribe (according to heredity) was a mandatory prerequisite for citizenship.

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As usual in ancient Athenian affairs, politics and religion came hand in hand and, after due consultation with Apollo’s oracle at Delphi, each new tribe was assigned to a particular hero after whom the tribe was named; the ten tribal heroes are thus known as the eponymous (or name giving) heroes.

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