Dēmos · Classical Athenian Democracy · a Stoa Publication

[ link colors: Demos | External Source | Citation to Evidence| Word Tools ]

Demos Home


The tribal heroes as a group: history.

The tribal heroes as a group: mythology.

The individual heroes: Ajax.

The individual heroes: Aigeus.

The individual heroes: Akamas.

The individual heroes: Antiochos.

The individual heroes: Erechtheus.

The individual heroes: Hippothoon.

The individual heroes: Kekrops.

The individual heroes: Leos.

The individual heroes: Oineus.

The individual heroes: Pandion.

→ Images of the heroes: sculpture.

Images of the heroes: paintings.

Further Reading.

Index of Citations

General Index

Demos Home

Athenian Political Art from the fifth and fourth centuries: Images of Tribal (Eponymous) Heroes 

Amy C. Smith, edition of January 18 2003

page 14 of 16

· Images of the heroes: sculpture ·


Read about the evidence
Pausanias (Paus.).
Pausanias (Paus.).
Pausanias (Paus.).
Aristophanes (Aristoph. Birds).
Scholia (Sch. Hsch. Suid.).
Pausanias (Paus.).
Pausanias (Paus.).
Plot on a Map

  1. Marathon victory group by Pheidias at Delphi (with Athena, Apollo, and Miltiades), ca. 460-450: Paus. 10.10.1 (Erechtheus, Kekrops, Pandion, Leos, Antiochos, Aigeus, and Akamas).
  2. Battle group of Erechtheus and Eumolpos, by Myron, ca. 460-450, on the Akropolis at Athens; Paus. 1.27.3; Paus. 9.30.1.
  3. Type of the Munich King (original lost): a nude, mature male figure, possibly by Myron, ca. 450-440.
  4. Bronze group of the Trojan horse, by Stronglion, ca. 425, dedicated by Chairedemos, son of Eueangelos of Koile, on the Acropolis at Athens: Paus. 1.23.8; Aristoph. Birds 1128, 1130; Sch. Hsch. Suid. s.v. “dourios ippos”. For the base see IG I2, 535: Stevens 1936, fig. 13; Raubitschek 1949, 208 f., no. 176.
  5. Monument of the Eponymous Heroes: Paus. 1.5.2.

    The earliest Monument of the Eponymous Heroes attested by physical evidence may be dated to ca. 330. At this time it constituted a long limestone statue base which carried ten bronze statues—one of each of the heroes, and tripods at each end (probably in commemoration of the fact that the Delphic oracle was consulted for the choice of the heroes). The entire base was surrounded by a barrier of fence posts (some marble and limestone posts remain), with wooden railings. This monument served as a public notice board for tribal affairs, general notices for the Assembly, and the heroes may also have received worship there.

  6. Statue of Pandion on the Akropolis at Athens: Paus. 1.5.4.
  7. Statue plinth with the name Pandion inscribed, in the Capitoline, Rome, from Orto di Panisperna (see BullCom 16 [1888] 488).
  8. Statue of Hippothoon in the Agora at Athens (Paus. 1.39.3).

Document Reliefs

Plot on a Map

  1. Louvre Ma 831: “The Choiseul Marble,” a relief on an account of the Treasurers of Athena, 409/8, with Erechtheus.
  2. Athens NM 1467: relief on an alliance decree, ca. 375-350, perhaps showing Kekrops.
  3. Athens, NM 2756: relief from a document, ca. 400-350, honoring a member of a phyle.
  4. Athens, NM 3492: relief from a decree, ca. 350-325, honoring a priest, from the Herakleion at Kynosarges.
  5. Berlin K 113: relief from a document, ca. 350-300, from Athens, honoring a man.
  6. Athens, NM 2947: relief from a document, ca. 350-300, honoring an ephebe.
  7. Athens, NM 3491: relief from a decree, ca. 330-320, honoring Prokleides, from the Herakleion at Kynosarges
  8. Athens, NM 2911: relief from a document, 323/22 honoring a man.

Votive Reliefs

  1. Athens, NM 2995: a relief from a votive (or perhaps a decree), ca. 400-375.
  2. Athens, NM 1478: relief showing Oineus (?) with worshippers, ca. 350-325.

Architectural sculpture

Plot on a Map

  1. The North Metopes of the Parthenon, 447-442 (Akamas et al. at the Iliupersis [Sack of Troy]).
  2. The east side of the Parthenon Frieze, 442-438 Parthenon West Pediment, 438-432 (Kekrops and possibly Erechtheus at the contest between Athena and Poseidon).

[ back to top ]

page 14 of 16