"The man about to take a wife," he says, "exacted a promise that she would be given to him in marriage from the man from whom he took her. The prospective bridegroom likewise made a promise. This legal agreement, which included solemn pledges and guarantees, was called the 'formal betrothal' [sponsalia]. The woman who had been promised was called the 'fiancée' [sponsa] and the man who had promised to take her the 'fiancé' [sponsus]." (2)
"But if after these promises the wife was neither taken nor given in marriage, the one who exacted a promise could bring a charge before judges in order to enforce the betrothal agreement. The judge would ask the reason why the wife had neither been taken nor given. If no just cause was discovered, he would assess damages in the case, and order the one who made the promise to pay the one who exacted the promise the value of taking or giving the wife in marriage."
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