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Course Title: Ancient Greek Men: Gender & Sexuality

Course Level:

Meeting times & Place: TBA

Instructor: TammyJo Eckhart


Pre-requisites: None

I. Course Description:

Using ancient readings in translation, visual images, and modern scholarship, we will explore the roles, responsibilities and difficulties in being a man in the ancient Greek world. Special emphasis will be placed on Athens, since it is the source of most of our information. Topics covered will include: the body, marriage, fatherhood, homosexuality, citizenship, and the law. To this end there we will use written materials, visual images (in the form of slides and in the written materials), in-class discussion, and even in-class reading of some of the plays. There will be explicit images and language used throughout the class so students need to be fairly comfortable discussing and thinking about sexuality.

II. Course Objectives:

To familiarize students with ancient materials, to expand their definition of history beyond politics and wars, and to encourage them to examine the role of society upon the individual's gender identification and sexuality.

III. Course Work and Student Evaluation:

Daily Readings: Students are expected to have read the assignments prior to the meeting they are listed for so that good discussion will occur

Grading: On a points basis where each assignment is worth 100 points.

100-97 = A+; 96-94 = A; 93-90 = A-

89-87 = B+; 86-84 = B; 83-80 = B-

79-77 = C+; 76-74 = C; 73-70 = C-

69-67 = D+; 66-64 = D; 63-60 = D-

59 and below = F

Quizzes: 4 short answer quizzes based on the important terms I will define at the end of each session for the next set of readings. Each quiz is worth 10% of the final grade.

Late or Missed Quizzes may be taken before the scheduled quiz date if a student knows that quiz will be missed; late quizzes will only be allowed if the absence is clarified by a proved excuse (medical note, funeral/wedding program); every non-excused quiz absence will earn a grade of 0

Final Exam: worth 20% of the final grade; the question for this final exam will be handed out the second day of classes so that student can prepare the entire semester; yes, the test will cover all topics of the course

Projects: 2 short projects or papers (5-7pages each) investigating deeper into a topic discussed in the class; topic for the first project must come from weeks 1-7 and the topic for the second project or paper must come from weeks 8-15; each project is worth 20% of the final grade; projects may range from visual to written but must be pre-approved by the instructor at least three weeks prior to the deadline of the assignment

Late Assignments: All assignments are due at the beginning of class on the date listed in the syllabus and may only be turned in during class time; any late assignment will be penalized 5 points (that is half a grade) for each class period it is late! Note that assignment left in my mailbox will be counted as late since I have no way of knowing when exactly it was turned in, so bring them to class.

Rough Drafts of Assignments: If a student wants the instructor to read and critique a rough draft of any of the assignment, the rough draft needs to be handed in two weeks prior to the due date. It will be returned in one week, giving you time to do a new draft. Rough Drafts are optional.

Quality of Writing: You are expected to write in a logical and clear manner. If I have difficulty understanding your argument you will be asked to do a rewrite and penalized 2 points just as though it were late. Further points will be deducted if the rewrite is not handed back in the next class meeting.

Cheating or Plagiarism: Any cheating or plagiarism will result in an F for the entire course.

IV. Books and Readings:

The Course Packet can be purchased at the IMU bookstore only. This packet contains all of our readings with the exception of ancient sources (marked * in the syllabus) which can be found on reserve in the main library. Readings in the course packet are arranged in the order we will read them and are indexed by both author and title.

It is wise to bring the readings with you to class so that we can examine specific passages.

V. Syllabus:

Week 1: Introduction to the course

August 29: Course requirements set out, general discussion of gender and sexuality

August 31: Basic outline of Greek history in class; Read introduction to Thinking Men by Lin Foxhall

Week 2: The Male Body I: Medical and Philosophical Views

September 5: Read selections from Lefkowitz & Fant Women's Life in Greece & Rome

September 7: Read Foucault's "Dietetics"

Week 3: The Male Body II: Comic and Cultural Ideals

September 12: Read Hawley's "The male body as spectacle in Attic drama"; Read *Aristophanes' "The Clouds"

September 14: Read Lissarague's "The Sexual Life of Satyrs", Osborne's "Sculptured men of Athens: masculinity and power in the field of vision", Crowther's "Male Beauty Contests in Greece"

Week 4: Marriage and the Greek Man

September 19: Read *Plutarch's "Advice to the Bride and Groom" and Walcot's "Romantic Love and True Love: Greek Attitudes to Marriage"

September 21: 1st Quiz today; continue previous discussions

Week 5: Fatherhood I: The Oikos, legal and cultural expectations

September 26: Read selections from *Xenophon's "Oeconomicus"; Read MacDowell “The Family”

September 28: Read David Cohen's "Public and private in classical Athens"; rough drafts of 1st project or paper due today if you wish

Week 6: Fatherhood II: Dramatic representations

October 3: Read *Euripides' "Hippolytus"

October 5: Re-read *Aristophanes'' "The Clouds" focusing on the father-son relationship

Week 7: Symposia and the Use of Prostitutes

October 10: Read *Xenophon's "Symposium/Banquet" ; and Fisher's "Greek Associations, Symposia, and Clubs"

October 12: 1st Project due today; Read selections from Keuls' The Reign of the Phallus

Week 8: Heterosexuality Versus Homosexuality

October 17: Read *Plutarch's "Dialogue on Love" and *Pseudo-Lucian's "Affairs of the Heart"

October 19: 2nd Quiz today; Continue previous discussions

Week 9: Homosexuality part I: Overview

October 24: Read Dover's "Nature and Society"

October 26: Read Halperin's "Homosexuality: a Cultural Construct"

Week 10: Homosexuality part II: Philosophical Ideals

October 31: Read *Plato's "Symposium", selections of *Plato's "Phaedrus", and *Demosthenes' "Erotic Essay"

November 2: Read Halperin's "Plato and Erotic Reciprocity", Monoson's "Citizen as Erastes: Erotic Imagery and the Idea of Reciprocity in the Periclean Funeral Oration"

Week 11: Homosexuality part III: Erotica

November 7: Read excerpts from *Archilochus, *Libycus, *Anacreon, *Theognis, and *Hipponax

November 9: Read Shapiro's "Courtship Scenes in Attic Vase-Painting"

Week 12-13: Citizenship and Maleness

November 14: Read MacDowell "Outlawry and Disfranchisement ('atimia')”, MacDowell "Sexual Offences", and Cohen's "Law, social control, and homosexuality in classical Athens"

November 16: Read *Aeschines' "Against Timarchus" and Halperin's "The Democratic Body: Prostitution and Citizenship in Classical Athens"

November 21: 3rd Quiz today; continue previous discussions; hand in rough drafts of 2nd project or paper if you wish

November 23: No class, Thanksgiving Recess; Have a good Holiday!

Week 14: Legal Issues of Rape and Adultery

November 28: Read *Lysias' "Against Eratosthenes"; Cohen's "Consent and Sexual Relations in Classical Athens", Sommerstein's "Rape and young manhood in Athenian comedy"; review MacDowell "Sexual Offences”

November 30: Read John J. Winkler's "Laying Down the Law: The Oversight of Men's Sexual Behavior in Classical Athens" and K. Kapparis' "Humiliating the Adulterer: the Law and the Practice in Classical Athens"

Week 15: Summary and Review

December 5: 4th Quiz today; Finish discussions of previous weeks

December 7: 2nd Project due today; No late projects will be accepted; Review of the course, the topics, and discuss the final

Final Exam: Take home style. Due on Tuesday, December 12, here in our classroom, 5-7PM!