Claudian letters

Three characters created by the Emperor Claudius to represent sounds or sound combinations that were not unambiguously represented by existing Latin characters: Ↄ(Unicode 2183: antisigma, representing PS or BS); Ⱶ (Unicode 2C75: sonus medius, representing vowel bwteen U and I; later represented with Y); Ⅎ (Unicode 2132: digamma inversum, representing consonantal U).

Before these characters were represented by Unicode codepoints, Latin epigraphers were in the habit of transcribing these using the Latin characters to which they correspond (PS, BS, Y or V respectively). When transcribing such an edition, <g> should be used with the expansion in the type (preceded by "claudian_"). When the character itself is simply included in a Latin word, the Unicode character may simply be included in the text with no markup. Or <g> might be wrapped around the Unicode character.

It might also be a good idea, for the sake of indexing and parsing words, to regularize (using <choice>, <orig> and <reg>) words containing these letters to their more conventional Latin spellings (see final example below, and cf. Regularization).

‘y, bs, ps, v’Hans Krummrey/Silvio Panciera IV.3Silvio Panciera 19‘Nymphabus Y; privatis V’Hans Krummrey/Silvio Panciera IV.3‘⊂y⊃, ⊂bs⊃, ⊂ps⊃, ⊂v⊃’Marcus Dohnicht 3
‘Ⱶ, Ↄ, Ↄ, Ⅎ’
<g type="claudian_y"/>, <g type="claudian_bs"/>, <g type="claudian_ps"/>,
<g type="claudian_v"/>

Transformation using the example EpiDoc P5 stylesheets:

  • Default style (Panciera) style: ((claudian_y)), ((claudian_bs)), ((claudian_ps)), ((claudian_v))
  • Dohnicht style: ((claudian_y)), ((claudian_bs)), ((claudian_ps)), ((claudian_v))

()
Ⱶ, Ↄ, Ↄ, Ⅎ

Transformation using the example EpiDoc P5 stylesheets:

  • Default style (Panciera) style: Ⱶ, Ↄ, Ↄ, Ⅎ
  • Dohnicht style: Ⱶ, Ↄ, Ↄ, Ⅎ
  • Duke Databank style: Ⱶ, Ↄ, Ↄ, Ⅎ

<g type="claudian_y"></g>, <g type="claudian_bs"></g>, <g type="claudian_ps"></g>,
<g type="claudian_v"></g>

Transformation using the example EpiDoc P5 stylesheets:

  • Default style (Panciera) style: ((claudian_y)), ((claudian_bs)), ((claudian_ps)), ((claudian_v))
  • Dohnicht style: ((claudian_y)), ((claudian_bs)), ((claudian_ps)), ((claudian_v))
  • Duke Databank style: ((claudian_y)), ((claudian_bs)), ((claudian_ps)), ((claudian_v))

N<g type="claudian_y"></g>mphabus;
pri<g type="claudian_v"></g>atis

Transformation using the example EpiDoc P5 stylesheets:

  • Default style (Panciera) style: N((claudian_y))mphabus; pri((claudian_v))atis
  • Dohnicht style: N((claudian_y))mphabus; pri((claudian_v))atis

()
<choice>
 <orig>NⱵmphabus</orig>
 <reg>Nymphabus</reg>
</choice>

Transformation using the example EpiDoc P5 stylesheets:

  • Default style (Panciera) style: NⱵmphabus
  • Dohnicht style: NⱵmphabus
  • Duke Databank style: NⱵmphabus

()

Responsibility for this section

  1. Gabriel Bodard, author
Date: 2014-02-09