Damaged characters

Character or characters on the source document having suffered some kind of damage which does not necessarily impede its interpretation or legibility.

Characters damaged on the source document, but not sufficiently ambiguous to require tagging as unclear may if desired be tagged with the <damage> element.

There is not strictly any Leiden equivalent to the category of damaged but perfectly legible characters. Although some scholars have used the underdot indiscriminately for damaged characters whether they are legible or ambiguous outside of their context, this is not generally recommended in epigraphic or papyrological practice. Encoding damaged characters distinctly is therefore an optional feature, not core to the Leiden distinctions that EpiDoc aims to reflect, and may be adopted at the discretion of individual projects. There is currently no recommended rendering for this feature, and it is not handled in the EpiDoc Example Stylesheets.

One reason for tagging damaged characters explicitly might be to enable the linking of parts of the support to images (as encoded in the <facsimile> element) using a facs attribute.

<damage>abc</damage>

Transformation using the example EpiDoc P5 stylesheets:

  • Default (Panciera) style: abc

<lb n="46"/>I
<unclear>m</unclear>
<supplied reason="lost">p.
<supplied reason="undefined"
  evidence="previouseditor">
ca</supplied>
</supplied>
<damage>e</damage>sari
<g type="dot"/> augusto

Transformation using the example EpiDoc P5 stylesheets:

  • Default (Panciera) style: Iṃ[p. c̲a̲]esari ((dot)) augusto

Note: Source: CIL XI, 1421 (encoding: Lamé)

Further, a larger span of damage that includes both legible and illegible characters and even lacunae might be contained in a single <damage> element, which would then include unclear, supplied and other tags within it.

<lb n="6"/>
<damage>
 <gap reason="lostextent="unknown"
  unit="character"/>

 <orig>
  <unclear>ι</unclear>
 </orig>
 <unclear>ι</unclear>
</damage>λικη

Transformation using the example EpiDoc P5 stylesheets:

  • Default (Panciera) style:

    [---]Ι̣ι̣λικη

(IRT: 469a)

Responsibility for this section

  1. Gabriel Bodard, author
  2. Marion Lamé, author
  3. Elli Mylonas, author

EpiDoc version: 8.20

Date: 2014-12-04