Regularized spellings of irregular forms, such as dialect forms, late spellings, phonetic spellings, etc.

If your project makes a distinction between text corrected as a result of scribal error (i.e. Correction of Erroneous Characters) and text normalized or regularized from a dialect or phonetic spelling, grammatical form, etc., perhaps because of the consideration that the latter is not strictly speaking wrong, then these normalizations can be tagged with <orig> (the original, scribal form) and <reg> (the regularized form). As with <sic> and <corr>, these will be grouped in a <choice> element, indicating that they are two editorial versions of the same span of text, and should be read as alternatives, not shown side by side.

It is most common to mark a regularization of this kind at the level of the whole word, rather than of individual characters affected, as in the DDbDP and IOSPE examples given below. This will make it easier to generate an apparatus reading for the regularized form (or the original form, depending on which you want to privilege), but it may also be impossible to identify individual affected characters in a dialect spelling or grammatical form. On the other hand, tagging the individial characters might make it easier to index or search for specific features, such as the iotacism of ι and ει in the final example below.

Sosin 2011: abc


Transformation using the example EpiDoc P5 stylesheets:

  • Duke Databank style: abc


Transformation using the example EpiDoc P5 stylesheets:

  • Duke Databank style: τειμην

(DDbDP: bgu.1.100#7)
 <orig>κέντ<supplied reason="lost">ρον</supplied>

Transformation using the example EpiDoc P5 stylesheets:

  • iospe style: κέντ[ρον] (pro κάστρον)


Transformation using the example EpiDoc P5 stylesheets:

  • Default (Panciera) style: τειμὴν

As shown in this last example, the in-word regularization does not currently display anything in any $leiden-style, because there is no Leiden siglum for "regularized spellings"; editorial practice is usually to print irregular spellings uncorrected, or sometimes to treat them as errors (and therefore display as in Erroneous Substitution). Customization of the stylesheets will therefore be required to use regularization in a different way from DDbDP or IOSPE.

Responsibility for this section

  1. Gabriel Bodard, author
  2. Charlotte Tupman, author

EpiDoc version: 8.21

Date: 2015-06-19