Dēmos · Classical Athenian Democracy · a Stoa Publication

[ link colors: Demos | External Source | Citation to Evidence| Word Tools ]

Demos Home


The tribal heroes as a group: history.

The tribal heroes as a group: mythology.

The individual heroes: Ajax.

→ The individual heroes: Aigeus.

The individual heroes: Akamas.

The individual heroes: Antiochos.

The individual heroes: Erechtheus.

The individual heroes: Hippothoon.

The individual heroes: Kekrops.

The individual heroes: Leos.

The individual heroes: Oineus.

The individual heroes: Pandion.

Images of the heroes: sculpture.

Images of the heroes: paintings.

Further Reading.

Index of Citations

General Index

Demos Home

Athenian Political Art from the fifth and fourth centuries: Images of Tribal (Eponymous) Heroes 

Amy C. Smith, edition of January 18 2003

page 5 of 16

· The individual heroes: Aigeus ·

Aigeus (tribe: Aigeis)

Read about the evidence
Apollodorus (Apollod.).
Euripides (Eur. Med.).
Apollodorus (Apollod. E.).
Plutarch (Plut. Thes.).
Pausanias (Paus.).
Diodorus (Diod.).
Plot on a Map

Mythology: Aigeus was said to be the son of Pandion or Skyrios (Apollod. 3.15.5), or perhaps was adopted by Pandion (Plut. Thes. 13.1) and, despite several marriages (to Meta [Melite?] and Chalkiope), remained childless until he slept with Aithra (who subsequently bore Theseus) at Troizen (Apollod. 3.15.7; Plut. Thes. 3.5). He later married Medea (Eur. Med. 1384 ff.; Apollod. Epit. 1.5; Paus. 2.3.8), then was reunited with his son, Theseus (Plut. Thes. 12.2-6), and leapt to his death by jumping off the Acropolis when he saw black sails on Theseus’ ship (Paus. 1.22.5; Diod. 4.61.7).

Read about the evidence
Harpocration (Harpoc).
Plutarch (Plut. Thes.).
Pausanias (Paus.).
Plot on a Map
Sanctuary of Aphrodite Ourania.

Worship: Aigeus received a heroon (that is, a hero-shrine) at Athens, according to Paus. 1.22.5 (supported by Harpocration s.v. “Aigeion”); this may have been at the Delphinion, where he was said to live (Plut. Thes. 12.6), or the Sanctuary of Aphrodite Ourania, which he founded on account of his childlessness, according to Paus. 1.14.7.

Tribal connection: The only tribal detail relevant to Aigeus that is known to have been recorded is that Aigeus’ priest was chosen from among the tribesman of the Aigeis tribe (IG II2, 952).

[ back to top ]

page 5 of 16