Dēmos · Classical Athenian Democracy · a Stoa Publication
→ § 31 (Dem. 30).
Craig Gibson, trans., edition of April 30, 2003
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(1) When Demosthenes was about to initiate a guardianship suit against Aphobus,39 Aphobus married Onetor’s sister. She had been given to him by her former husband Timocrates, since he was about to marry an heiress. (2) Later, when Aphobus was already a defendant in the guardianship case (as the orator shows), Onetor fabricated a story of divorce and took his sister back home. When Aphobus was convicted, Onetor drove the orator off when he came and tried to enter his farm; Onetor claimed that the farm belonged to his sister, as it had been mortgaged toward the dowry. (3) So Demosthenes takes him to court on a charge of exclusion, on the grounds that he has been driven away from what was formerly Aphobus’ property but now belongs to him. He also says that Aphobus did not receive a dowry, only a wife; for Onetor was unwilling to give a dowry, because he saw that Aphobus and the estate were in jeopardy. Now then (he says), the divorce story is pure fiction, and the farm has been mortgaged on behalf of things that Aphobus never in fact received, all for the purpose of depriving me of my property. (4) The word “exclusion” (exoule) is Attic. For they used to say “to exclude” (exillein) to mean “to throw out” and “to drive off by force.”
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