Information concerning the rooms in House VIII 2,14-16

Jump to:
Entranceway aa
Front hall bb
Room a
Room b
Room c
Room d
Room dd
Room g
Room f
Corridor e'
Room e
Room cc
Room l
Room ee
Room i
Ambulatory ff
Garden gg
Room h
Room k
Room o
Room p"
Room q
Corridor u
Room s
Room r
Entranceway a'
Front hall b'
Room c'
Room d'
Room h'
Room g'
Room i'
Room f'
Corridor k'
Room l'
Room m'
Corridor p'
Room n'
Room o'
Corridor a"
Corridor t
Corridor x'
Stairway x
Garden p
Courtyard i"
Corridor k"
Room th
Room l"
Room n
Area r"
Room e"
Corridor n"
Room z
Room d"
General Ground Floor Area
Upper Levels

Entranceway aa in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Entranceway aa led from the west side of the street to the east of this insula into front hall bb. The walls had coarse plaster (Mau 1892:5). The pavement was black mosaic with a carpet pattern of a lattice of rhomboids.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

This entranceway had a stairway in the east end of the south wall leading south.

Interpretations of room:

Beam holes (1.5 m and 1.84 m) above the floor suggest that this entranceway had scaffolding or some kind of mezzanine.


Front hall bb in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

This front hall was entered through entranceway aa to the east. It provided access to rooms a and g on the east side, rooms b, c, d and dd on the south side, rooms i, ee and l on the west side and rooms cc, e, e' and f on the north side. The walls were coarsely plastered (Mau 1892:5) and the pavement was white mosaic with black borders.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

The central water-catchment pool (impluvium) was furbished with a colored mosaic of fish against a black background. A fragment of decorated travertine was found in this front hall, and a number of metal objects were found on the pavement.

Interpretations of room:

It is difficult to assess what kind of metal objects these had been. By analogy with other houses, they may have been furniture fittings, which would indicate that this front hall had been used for domestic storage. Alternatively, they could indicate more commercial/industrial activities, such as in the Casa del Fabbro. The combination of mosaic pavement and coarsely plastered walls suggests either that this front hall had been downgraded (see front hall O in the Casa di Julius Polybius and front hall c in House I 6,8-9) or that the intended decoration had been interrupted by the final eruption. The presence of metal objects implies that the latter was unlikely. The piece of decorated travertine, which does not appear to belong to any of the structural elements of this front hall, hints at disruption, although post-eruption disturbance cannot be discounted as an explanation for its fragmentary state.


Room a in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Room a was in the southeast corner of front hall bb and was entered from it through a narrow doorway in the north end of the west wall. The walls were coarsely plastered (Noack and Lehmann-Hartleben 1936:155). There is no record or visible evidence of the pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

Under the stairway along the east wall of this room was a built-in cupboard. There had been wooden shelving along the south and west walls and a rectangular niche in the west wall.

Interpretations of room:

This room would appear to have been used as a storeroom (see room in the Casa delle Nozze d'Argento).


Room b in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Room b was on the south side of front hall bb and was entered from it through a narrow doorway in the west end of the north wall. The walls were furbished with white plaster (Mau 1892:5), and the pavement was of cocciopesto.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Room c in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

This room was on the south side of front hall bb and was entered from it through a narrow doorway towards the west end of the north wall. The walls were white-plastered (Mau 1892:5). The pavement was of lavapesta decorated with a carpet pattern of a lattice of rhomboids in white tesserae.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Room d in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Room d (figure D.208) was on the south side of front hall bb and was entered from it through a narrow doorway in the center of the north wall. The walls were furbished with white plaster (Mau 1892:5) that had been worked but not decorated (Sogliano 1893:48). The pavement was cocciopesto.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

An aedicula had been built against the south wall of this room opposite the doorway.

Interpretations of room:

This seems to have been a household shrine. According to Mau (1892:8), the aedicula had been furbished with white plaster at the same time as the walls, suggesting downgrading or incompletion of what would more normally be painted (see front hall and room 25 in the Casa del Menandro). The lack of finds further suggest that it may not have been in normal use.


Room dd in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Room dd was on the south side of front hall bb and was fully open onto the latter along its north side. The walls had a white decoration with traces of red paint (Noack and Lehmann-Hartleben 1936:155), which may have been unfinished (Mau 1892:5). The pavement was black mosaic with a central labyrinth pattern in black tesserae.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

Mau identified this room as an ala (1892:5).


Room g in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Room g was on the east side of front hall bb and was entered from it through a narrow doorway in the south end of the west wall. The walls were covered in coarse plaster and the pavement was of cocciopesto with a carpet pattern of a lattice of meanders in white tesserae.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Room f in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Room f (figure D.209) was on the north side of front hall bb and was entered from it through a narrow doorway in the center of the south wall. The walls were furbished with white plaster and the pavement was a black and white mosaic with a carpet pattern of rosettes, rhomboids, and triangles.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

There is evidence of two rows of shelving in this room on each of the west, north, and east walls.

Interpretations of room:

Storage rooms with shelving were not uncommon around the front halls of Pompeian houses (see room 05 in the Casa del Menandro, room 06 in the Casa del Fabbro, room i in the Casa delle Nozze d'Argento). However, this room seems to have been rather large for domestic storage and may have been adapted from a previously more formal function, as is implied by the mosaic pavement (see rooms D and P in the Casa di Julius Polybius).


Corridor e' in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Corridor e' led from the north side of front hall bb to the south side of front hall b'. The walls were undecorated (Mau 1892:10), and the pavement was black mosaic with a white border.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Room e in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Room e (figure D.210) was on the north side of front hall bb and was entered from it through a narrow doorway towards the center of the south wall. It also had a low opening in the north wall to front hall b'. The walls were furbished with white plaster, and the pavement was in black and white mosaic with a large central meander pattern in black tesserae. The east and west sides of the room were delineated with black bands. In each of the southeast and southwest corners was a small rectangular area of cocciopesto.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

This room contained three small cylindrical bronze vases (possibly inkwells), a bronze lamp-stand, and a stamped ceramic fragment, possibly indicating the presence of terra sigillata vessels.

Interpretations of room:

The pavement design indicated to Mau (1892:9) that this room had contained two beds. He noted (1892:5) that this was the only case where contents were found in place in this house. The white-plastered walls imply that this room had been downgraded. F. Noack and K. Lehmann-Hartleben (1936:151) noted that an arched opening had been made in the rear of this room, reportedly a water outlet directly in line with the cistern mouth in front hall b' (Sogliano1893:47), thus presumably altering the function of the room. The contents were largely domestic and seem unrelated to such a use. They could conceivably, therefore, have been related either to a further alteration of use or to disruption.


Room cc in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Room cc was on the north side of front hall bb and was fully open onto the latter along the south side. The walls were covered with coarse plaster (Mau 1892:5), and the pavement was white mosaic with a central labyrinth pattern in black tesserae.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

The finds from this room included eighteen ceramic lamps, a terra-cotta statuette, a marble capital, and fragments of marble, ceramic (inscribed), and mosaic.

Interpretations of room:

According to Mau (1892:5), this was an ala with apparently unfinished wall decoration. The collection of lamps has parallels in other houses (for example, room 13 in the Casa dell'Efebo). The inscribed ceramic fragment hints at the presence of amphorae and therefore of storage vessels. There is no evidence or record of any structural fixtures from which the fragmentary pieces might have originated. This room was unlikely to have had a function similar to room d, although it is conceivable that these fragments had originated from the latter room and had been stored here during a disruption. It is therefore possible that they and the statuette had been salvaged pieces. If the decoration was indeed unfinished, then the decorative program would have been abandoned prior to the eruption, and the room then used for storage.


Room l in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Room l was in the northwest side of front hall bb and was entered from it through a narrow doorway in the south end of the east wall. The walls were coarsely plastered (Mau 1892:5), and the pavement consisted of beaten chips of limestone with a central carpet pattern in black and white mosaic.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

Mau observed (1892:5) that the wall decoration had been left unfinished.


Room ee in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Room ee was on the west side of front hall bb. It was fully open on the east side onto the latter and on the west side onto garden ff. The walls were coarsely plastered (Mau 1892:5), and the pavement was in white mosaic.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

According to Mau (1892:5), this was a tablinum with coarse, unfinished decoration. The floor had also reportedly been left incomplete (Sogliano 1893:48).


Room i in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Room i (figure D.211) led from the southwest corner of front hall bb to area h. The walls were probably unplastered, and the pavement was of white mosaic.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

The north, east, and west walls had shelving.

Interpretations of room:

As a storeroom, this area may have served room h or k.


Ambulatory ff in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Ambulatory ff was to the west of front hall bb and was entered either from the west side of room ee or from room h, through a doorway at the south end. The pavement was in black mosaic with rows of white tesserae and white borders. There is no record or visible evidence of any wall covering.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

A travertine puteal and a travertine table were found in this ambulatory.

Interpretations of room:

The scant finds and pavement hint at this garden having once had a traditional formal function, but the coarse plaster on the walls (Mau 1892:5) implies that it had been downgraded.


Garden gg in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Garden gg was in the southwest corner of the house, but only the northeast corner of it was preserved.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

The finds in this garden area included two small glass vessels, four ceramic vases, three ceramic lamps, and two weights.

Interpretations of room:

Such finds might seem unlikely for a garden proper, but they could have originated from the ambulatories. If this were the case, then it is difficult to assess whether they represented pre-eruption or post-eruption disruption.


Room h in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Room h was to the south of ambulatory ff and was entered from it through a wide doorway in the west end of the north wall or from corridor i through a narrow doorway in the east end of the north wall. The walls were coarsely plastered (Mau 1892:5) above a socle of colored marble (Sogliano 1893:48). The pavement, which was to have replaced an earlier mosaic one, was unfinished (Mau 1892:7 and 9).

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

The decoration of this room suggests that it had either been downgraded or left unfinished.


Room k in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Room k was in the southeast corner of ambulatory ff and was entered from it through a wide opening in the west wall. The walls had coarse decoration (Mau 1892:5), and there were remains only of a mosaic pavement with strips of white marble.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

According to Mau (1892:5), the pavement of this room was removed by previous excavators.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

Mau argued (1892:5) that the wall decoration had been left unfinished, which implies that the pavement had conceivably already been missing at the time of the eruption (see room O in the Casa degli Amorini Dorati).


Room o in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Room o was on the north side of ambulatory ff and had a large window opening onto it. It was perhaps also entered from corridor p" through a narrow doorway towards the south end of the west wall. The walls were furbished with a marble socle and a mosaic pavement with a molded border, as if to hold water. The mosaic pavement was ornamented with fish (Sogliano 1893:49).

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

This room has been identified as a winter triclinium (Sogliano 1893:49).


Room p" in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

This was a relatively wide corridor with columns at the center that led from ambulatory ff to garden p. Rooms s and o opened off its east side and rooms r and q off its west side. The walls were coarsely plastered (Mau 1892:5) above a marble socle. There is no record or visible evidence of the pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Room q in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Room q was on the north side of ambulatory ff and was entered from it through a doorway in the south wall. Further narrow doorways in the south ends of the east and west walls led to corridor p" and corridor u, respectively. There is no record or visible evidence of the wall covering or pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Corridor u in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Corridor u led from the northwest corner of ambulatory ff, but where it led to is unclear because of the cliff in this area. There is no record or visible evidence of the wall covering, but the pavement was in white mosaic.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Room s in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Room s is on the east side of corridor p" and was entered from it through a narrow doorway in the north end of the west wall. A large window in the north wall overlooked garden p. There is no record or visible evidence of the wall covering or pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Room r in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Room r was on the west side of corridor p" and was entered from it through a narrow doorway in the north end of the east wall. A large window in the north wall overlooked garden p. There is no record or visible evidence of the wall covering or pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Entranceway a' in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Entranceway a' led from the west side of the street to the east of this insula into front hall b'. The walls were coarsely plastered (Mau 1892:5). The pavement was of cocciopesto.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Front hall b' in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Front hall b' was entered through entranceway a' to the east. Rooms c' and d' opened off its east side. Rooms h' and i' opened off its north side and corridors k' and p' and room f' off its west side. Corridor e' led from its south side to front hall bb, and there was a low arched opening in the south wall to room e. The walls of this front hall were also coarsely plastered (Mau 1892:5). The pavement was of cocciopesto.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

The central water-catchment pool (impluvium) was furbished in tufa.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Room c' in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Room c' was in the southeast corner of front hall b'. It had a simple Fourth-Style decoration in red and white (Noack and Lehmann-Hartleben 1936:153). There is no record or visible evidence of the pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

The center of the north and south walls each had a breach.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Room d' in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Room d' was on the east side of front hall b' and was entered from it through a narrow doorway in the west wall. The walls were coarsely plastered (Mau, 1892:5). There is no record or visible evidence of the pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

There was a breach in the center of the south wall of this room presumably indicating the passage of intruders continuing from room c'.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Room h' in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Room h' was on the north side of front hall b' and was fully open onto the latter along its south side, which had two columns. The walls were coarsely plastered (Mau 1982:5). There is no record or visible evidence of the pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

According to Mau (1892:5), this was a coarsely plastered tablinum. As such it is comparable to those in the Casa dei Quadretti Teatrali, Casa dell'Efebo, Casa dei Ceii, and Casa del Sacello Iliaco.


Room g' in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Room g' was to the east of room h' in the northeast corner of the house. The walls were white plastered (Mau 1892:5). There is no record or visible evidence of the pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

This room had two rows of shelving on each of the north, east, and south walls.

Interpretations of room:

According to Mau, this room had been a coarsely plastered storeroom (1892:5), but its large size implies that this may not have been its original function.


Room i' in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

This relatively large room for its type was on the north side of front hall b' and entered from the latter through a narrow doorway towards the center of the south wall. The walls were white plastered (Mau 1892:5). There is no record or visible evidence of the pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

This room had shelving on the north wall.

Interpretations of room:

As a coarsely plastered storeroom (Mau 1892:5) off the front hall, this room has many parallels in other houses (for example, room 05 in the Casa del Menandro, room i in the Casa delle Nozze d'Argento).


Room f' in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Room f' was on the west side of front hall b' and entered from it through a doorway at the south end of the east wall. The walls were decorated in a simple Third Style on a black ground (Mau 1892:5). There is no record or visible evidence of the pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

The west wall of this room had a rectangular niche.

Interpretations of room:

Mau noted (1892:5) that this was the only decorated room in this part of the house. He suggested, however, that it had been too crudely decorated to serve as the triclinium for the family of the owner of this grand house.


Corridor k' in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Corridor k' was in the northwest corner of front hall b' and led from it to rooms l' and m'. There is no record or visible evidence of the pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

This corridor provided access to the kitchen area.


Room l' in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Room l' was in the northwest corner of the area of front hall b' but was entered from corridor k' to the south. A doorway in the west wall provided access to room m'. There is no record or visible evidence of the wall covering or pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

There was a masonry slab to the southern end of this narrow room, against the west wall.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Room m' in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Room m' was in the northwest corner of the area of front hall b' but entered from room l' through a narrow doorway in the south end of the east wall. There is no record or visible evidence of the wall covering or pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

This room has two masonry benches along the north and west walls. Near the south wall were two marble supports, reportedly for a large table.

Interpretations of room:

The fixtures suggest that this had been a kitchen. The lack of moveable finds cannot be seen as significant, as this could be attributed to poor recording, post-eruption disturbance, or pre-eruption storage.


Corridor p' in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Corridor p' led from the west side of front hall b' to garden p. The walls were coarsely plastered (Mau 1892:5). There is no record or visible evidence of the pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Room n' in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Room n' was on the north side of corridor p' and was entered from it through a narrow doorway in the east end of the south wall. A door in the south end of the west wall led to room o'. The walls were decorated with red divisions against a white background (Noack and Lehmann-Hartleben 1936:153). There is no record or visible evidence of the pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

Mau (1892:11) identified this room as a storeroom or slave's bedroom.


Room o' in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Room o' was on the north side of corridor p' and was entered from room n' through a narrow doorway in the south end of the east wall. The walls were decorated with red divisions against a white background (Noack and Lehmann-Hartleben 1936:153). There is no record or visible evidence of the pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

The south wall of this room had a rectangular niche.

Interpretations of room:

Mau (1892:11) also identified this room as a storeroom or slave's bedroom.


Corridor a" in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

This was a long narrow entranceway which led from the south side of the forum to the southeast corner of garden p. There is no record or visible evidence of the wall covering or pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Corridor t in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Corridor t was a short corridor that provided access from the southeast corner of garden p to room s. There is no record or visible evidence of the wall covering or pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Corridor x' in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Corridor x' was in the southeast corner of garden p and provided access to ambulatory ff and stairway x. There is no record or visible evidence of the wall covering or pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Stairway x in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

This wide stairway led from corridor n to the lower floor.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Garden p in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Garden p was a colonnaded garden area that was entered from the area of front hall b' through corridor p' or from ambulatory ff through room p". Rooms i", th, l", and n opened off its west side, and room e" and area r" opened off its north side. The walls were coarsely plastered (Mau 1892:5). The south ambulatory at least (Mau 1892:11) had a cocciopesto pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

Towards the southeast corner of the garden proper was a large rectangular poor. It had terra-cotta tubes set into the wall (Sogliano 1899: Fig. 2), reportedly for breeding fish (Sogliano 1899:143).

Interpretations of room:

None.


Courtyard i" in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

This courtyard was on the west side of garden p and was entered from it through a narrow doorway. There is no record or visible evidence of the wall covering or pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

There was a cistern head in this courtyard.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Corridor k" in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Corridor k" led from the center of the west side of garden p to room th". Room l" also opened off its north side. There is no record or visible evidence of the wall covering. The pavement was reportedly of wood (Sogliano 1899:143).

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Room th in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Room th was on the west side of garden p and entered from corridor k" through a narrow entrance in the south end of the east side. There is no record or visible evidence of the wall covering or pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

According to Sogliano (1899:143), this had been a rustic room.


Room l" in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Room l" was on the west side of garden p and was entered from corridor k" through a narrow doorway towards the center of the south wall. There is no record or visible evidence of the wall covering. The pavement was reportedly of wood (Sogliano 1899:143).

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

The finds from this room included a terra-cotta antefix, possibly from garden p, a small glass bottle, and two bronze coins.

Interpretations of room:

These finds are too scanty to draw any conclusions.


Room n in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Room n was in the northwest corner of garden p and was entered from it through a narrow doorway in the east wall. There is no record or visible evidence of the wall covering or pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Area r" in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Area r" was in the northwest corner of garden p and possibly provided access from it to House VIII 2,5. Corridor n' led from its east side. There is no record or visible evidence of the wall covering or pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Room e" in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Room e" was on the north side of garden p and was entered from it through a wide doorway in the south wall. There is no record or visible evidence of the wall covering or pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Corridor n" in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

This long L-shaped corridor led from area r" to corridor a". Rooms z and d' opened off its south side. There is no record or visible evidence of the wall covering or pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Room z in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Room z was to the north of garden p but was entered from corridor n" through a narrow doorway in the east end of the north wall. There is no record or visible evidence of the wall covering or pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Room d" in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

Room d" was to the north of garden p but was entered from corridor n" through a narrow doorway in the east end of the north wall. There is no record or visible evidence of the wall covering or pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

None.


General Ground Floor Area in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

N/A

Condition of volcanic deposit:

The following finds were made in mixed volcanic deposit in House VIII 2,14 but were reportedly from the ground floor.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

These finds included a terra sigillata cup, two small glass bottles, a marble protome, and two bronze coins.

Interpretations of room:

These were predominantly domestic, although a sculptural fragment is notable.


Upper Levels in House VIII 2,14-16

Description of room:

The stairway in entranceway aa suggests upper-story rooms around the area of front hall bb that were not directly connected and might therefore have led to separate quarters (Noack and Lehmann-Hartleben 1936:150). A stairway outside this house in area VIII 2,15 possibly led to further upper-story rooms above the north side of front hall bb or above front hall b' that may have constituted further separate quarters.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

Several references to disturbed volcanic deposit (GdSc A,VI,3:116, 121) suggest that many of the finds unprovenanced or in the upper levels of the volcanic deposit may have originated from the ground floor.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

Most of the recorded but unprovenanced finds were from House VIII 2,14. They included a marble puteal fragment, the rest of which was discovered in House VIII 2,16, a bronze vase, and two inscribed tile fragments. In mixed volcanic deposit in House VIII 2,14 were found a small glass bottle, numerous sculptural fragments, and a bronze coin. Other finds in this half of the house, probably found together, included a bronze calamaio, numerous remains from a seemingly large set of scales, a lead vase, bronze lock remains, and bronze furniture and lampstand fragments. Above garden p were found twelve ceramic vessels, mostly jugs and jars; two glass beakers and two glass bottles; an iron pugnale; a small iron key; two more inscribed tile fragments; two bronze mirrors; a bronze bell; six clay lamps; five bronze rings; and twelve bronze coins. A mirror and three ceramic vases, one containing what was identified as "sapo*," were found to the south of garden p. A terra-cotta antefix, a small glass bottle, and two bronze coins were found in the rooms to the north of this garden. In the upper levels of the volcanic deposit above garden gg (c. 18 pal above the pavement) were found three skeletons. They had with them a cloth purse, two gold bracelets, and nearly 100 gold, silver, and bronze coins. An unprovenanced bronze basin was also found.

Interpretations of room:

None of the finds can be definitively ascribed to upper-floor areas. The unprovenanced material or that from disturbed volcanic deposit was predominantly domestic, although the scales could conceivaby have had a more commercial/industrial function. These finds are not in character with the upper-story material from other houses and might have originated from ground-floor contexts. The quantity and variety suggest considerable activity in this house during its the final occupancy. Whether the skeletons above garden gg were those of the occupants of this house is impossible to determine.

* What this was is unclear. While the word sapo exists in Latin (Pliny, Nat. Hist. 12, 191; Martial, Ep. 14, 26﹣27), it refers to a hair dye invented in the Gallic provinces. Pliny describes it as having been made of suet and ash and useful for removing anything that got stuck in the throat.