Information concerning the rooms in House VIII 2,26

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Entranceway a
Entranceway b
Room c
Front hall d
Room e
Room r
Room q
Room p
Room o
Room n
Room h
Room f
Room g
Room i
Stairway k
Room l
Terrace t
Room m
Stairway u
Corridor 01
Room 02
Room 03
Room 04
Room 05
Room 06
Area VIII 2,27
Upper Levels

Entranceway a in House VIII 2,26

Description of room:

This entranceway a-b led from the south side of the street to the north of this insula and provided access to front hall d, to the south. Room c opened off its east side. The walls were decorated in the Fourth Style (Noack and Lehmann-Hartleben 1936:83), that in the northern section consisting of a red socle zone with compartments, garlands, bucrania, standing figures and ornamental bands, and a central zone with black fields and ornamental borders, and that in the southern section consisting of a red central field and black socle zone with ornamental bands (Sogliano 1888:512). The pavement of the northern section was in cocciopesto decorated with a rhomboid pattern in white tesserae and that in the southern section white mosaic depicting a pig in coloured tesserae.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds reported.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Entranceway b in House VIII 2,26

Description of room:

See entranceway a for description.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds reported.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Room c in House VIII 2,26

Description of room:

Room c on the east side of area a was entered from it through a narrow doorway in the west wall. The walls were furbished with white plaster. There is no record or visible evidence of the pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

This room had two rows of shelving on each of the north, east, and south walls. No loose finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

According to Mau (1888:189), it had served as a cupboard.


Front hall d in House VIII 2,26

Description of room:

Front hall d (figure D.212) was entered through entranceway a-b to the north. Rooms e and r opened off the north side; terrace t off its south side; rooms h, l, and m off the east side; and rooms n, o, p, and q off the west side. The walls were decorated in the Fourth Style (Noack and Lehmann-Hartleben 1936:83) with a dark red socle zone and red central zone (Sogliano 1888:513). The pavement was black mosaic with white borders.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

The central water-catchment pool (impluvium) was furbished in marble with a black mosaic base. No further contents were found.

Interpretations of room:

Of the wall decoration, only the dark red socle zone remained at the time of excavation (Sogliano 1888:513).


Room e in House VIII 2,26

Description of room:

Room e on the north side of front hall d was entered from it through a narrow doorway towards the west end of the south wall. The walls were painted with a red Fourth-Style decoration (Mau 1888:191), consisting of a black socle zone with compartments. The pavement was in cocciopesto ornamented with white tesserae in a pattern of crosses and rhomboids. The decorative scheme of the pavement divides the room into two sections.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

This room had a breach in the north end of the east wall.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

Mau (1888:191) identified this room as a cubiculum, the position of the bed being indicated by the pavement design.


Room r in House VIII 2,26

Description of room:

Room r in the northwest corner of the house was entered from front hall d through a narrow doorway in the east end of the south wall. The walls were decorated in the Fourth Style (Noack and Lehmann-Hartleben 1936:83), consisting of a dark red socle zone with panels and ornamental bands and a central zone of red side fields and a black middle field with ornamental borders and architecture (Sogliano 1888:513). The pavement was in cocciopesto decorated with white tesserae and with irregular pieces of colored marble in the west section and a lattice of octagons in colored marble in the east section.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

Mau identified this room as a triclinium (1888:190).


Room q in House VIII 2,26

Description of room:

Room q on the west side of front hall d was entered from it through a narrow doorway in the south end of the east wall. The walls were furbished with white plaster. The pavement was in cocciopesto decorated with white tesserae.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

This room had two rows of shelving on each of the north, west, and south walls. No loose finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

According to Mau (1888, 192), this room had served as a storeroom.


Room p in House VIII 2,26

Description of room:

Room p on the west side of front hall d was entered from it through a narrow doorway in the center of the east wall. The walls were decorated in the Fourth-Style, consisting of yellow and black fields with a central panel of Aphrodite fishing and a red socle zone (Sogliano 1888:513). The pavement was in cocciopesto decorated with a lattice of squares in white tesserae with crosses in black tesserae at the center of each.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

One ceramic lamp was found here.

Interpretations of room:

Mau (1888:191) identified the room as a cubiculum. The isolated find could have fitted such a function, but it is perhaps curious that more finds were not recorded with it, unless there had indeed been no other contents here.


Room o in House VIII 2,26

Description of room:

Room o on the west side of front hall d was entered from it through a narrow doorway in the east wall. The walls were decorated in the Fourth Style (Mau 1888:191), consists of a dark red socle zone with panels and ornamental bands, a central zone of green and white fields with central panels, and an upper zone with architectural elements. The pavement was white mosaic with a black border.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

Mau (1888:191) identified this room as a cubiculum.


Room n in House VIII 2,26

Description of room:

Room n on the west side of front hall d was entered from it through a narrow doorway in the south end of the east wall. It also provided access to stairway u in the southwest corner. It was decorated in the Fourth Style (Noack and Lehmann-Hartleben 1936:83), consisting of black socle zone with red panels and ornamental borders, and a red central zone with fields separated by architectural elements. (Sogliano 1888:513). The pavement was white mosaic with a black border.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

Mau (1888:190) also identified this room as a triclinium.


Room h in House VIII 2,26

Description of room:

Room h on the east side of front hall d was entered from it through a narrow doorway in the west wall. It provided access to rooms f and i and stairway k. The walls were furbished with coarse pink plaster (Mau 1888:192). There is no record or visible evidence of the pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Room f in House VIII 2,26

Description of room:

Room f in the northeast corner of the house was entered from room h through a narrow doorway in the south wall. It also provided access to VIII 2, 27. The walls were plastered, but no record or visible evidence of the pavement exists.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

This room had a bench along the west wall. At the north end of this bench was a cavity that may have been for a latrine or sink. No loose finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

The bench implies that thisroom had been a kitchen (Mau 1888:192).


Room g in House VIII 2,26

Description of room:

This was probably a small room accessible from room f and above the corridor leading to entranceway VIII 2,27. There is no record or visible evidence of the wall covering or pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

It might have been a latrine.


Room i in House VIII 2,26

Description of room:

Room i to the east of room h was entered from it through a narrow doorway in the center of the west wall. There is no record or visible evidence of the wall covering or pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

According to Mau (1888:192), this had either been a slave's sleeping area or a storeroom.


Stairway k in House VIII 2,26

Description of room:

Stairway k was on the east side of front hall d and was entered either from it or from room h to the north. It provided access to an upper floor (Mau 1888:192). There is no record or visible evidence of the wall covering.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

This space consisted of an ascending stairway. No loose finds were reported here.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Room l in House VIII 2,26

Description of room:

Room l on the east side of front hall d was entered from it through a narrow doorway in the center of the west wall. The walls were decorated in the Fourth Style, consisting of yellow central zone and red socle (Sogliano 1888:513). The pavement was in cocciopesto ornamented with squares and octagons in white tesserae.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

Mau (1888:191) identified this room as a cubiculum.


Terrace t in House VIII 2,26

Description of room:

This area was at the south end of the ground floor of the house and was reached through two narrow doorways at either end of the south wall of front hall d. Room m opened off the north side. Corridor u, in the northwest corner, led to the lower floor. There is no record or visible evidence of the wall covering or pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Room m in House VIII 2,26

Description of room:

This room in the northeast corner of terrace t was open onto the latter for most of its south side. The wall decoration was reportedly the same as that in room n (Sogliano 1888:513). The pavement was mosaic.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

Mau (1888:190) identified this room as a triclinium.


Stairway u in House VIII 2,26

Description of room:

Stairway u provided access to the lower floor of this house. The walls were decorated with a high black socle divided into panels.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

This space consisted of an ascending stairway. No loose finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Corridor 01 in House VIII 2,26

Description of room:

Corridor 01 led from stairway u to rooms 02, 03, 05, and 06 on the lower floor. The walls were decorated with a black socle zone divided into panels with red borders, and a central zone of black fields with medallions separated by red bands. The pavement was cocciopesto.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Room 02 in House VIII 2,26

Description of room:

Room 02 was at the west end of the lower floor to the north of corridor 01. It was entered from the latter through a doorway at the east end of the south wall. The walls were furbished with a high white socle. The pavement was in cocciopesto (Noack and Lehmann-Hartleben 1936:81) with rows of white tesserae.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

This room had a bench along the north wall towards the east end and two vaulted niches under the stairs, one reportedly a latrine (Mau 1888:193). No loose finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

The fixtures indicate that it had served as a kitchen.


Room 03 in House VIII 2,26

Description of room:

Room 03 was on the lower floor to the north of corridor 01. It was fully open onto the latter on its south side. Room 04 was accessible from the northeast corner. The walls were decorated in the Fourth Style (Noack and Lehmann-Hartleben 1936:83), consisting of a black socle zone with panels, garlands, and ornamental bands and a central zone of black fields separated by yellow candelabra on a red ground. The pavement was cocciopesto ornamented with white tesserae in a carpet of stars, rhomboids, and octagons.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Room 04 in House VIII 2,26

Description of room:

Room 04 was on the lower floor in the northeast corner of room 03. It was accessible from the latter through a narrow doorway in the south end of the west wall. The walls were decorated in the Fourth Style (Noack and Lehmann-Hartleben 1936:83), consisting of a black socle zone with panels, a central zone of black and red fields, and a white upper zone with aediculae against a black background. The pavement was of crushed lava and limestone chips.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

According to Noack and Lehmann-Hartleben (1936:82), this room was a bedroom.


Room 05 in House VIII 2,26

Description of room:

This room on the lower floor to the north of corridor 01 was accessible from the latter through a wide opening in the south wall. The walls were decorated in the Fourth Style (Mau 1888:193), consisting of a black socle zone with panels and flowers and a central zone of red and black fields with central aediculae and architectural openings. The pavement was white mosaic with black borders.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

According to Noack and Lehmann-Hartleben (1936:82), this room was a bedroom.


Room 06 in House VIII 2,26

Description of room:

Room 06 (figure D.213) was on the lower floor at the east end of corridor 01. It was accessible from the latter through a narrow doorway in the south end of the west wall. It also had a large window in the south wall. The walls were decorated in an elaborate Third Style on a black ground (Mau 1888:193) with geometric motifs in the socle zone and central and upper zones with fantastic architecture, vegetal candelabra, and floating figures. The ceiling was also decorated in a black ground with triangles, lozenges, flowers, and medallions in red, white, and yellow. The pavement was in cocciopesto with an emblema in opus sectile consisting of squares, triangles, rectangles, and circles of colored marble with a border of black and white mosaic.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

This room had a long recess in the east wall and an identical one in the west wall. No loose finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

It was reportedly a triclinium (Mau 1888:193).


Area VIII 2,27 in House VIII 2,26

Description of room:

This area consisted of a corridor that led from the street to a number of underground rooms in the northeast corner of the house. The walls were plastered. There is no record or visible evidence of the pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

In the first underground room leading off this corridor was a cistern mouth. The excavations of this area in 1826 revealed: at least seven predominantly large and open bronze vessels; two small glass bottles; two ceramic abbeveratoio; three amphorae; a marble mortar; iron tools; the remains of bronze scales; bronze decoration possibly from harness; gold jewelry; glass beads; one bronze and two ceramic lamps; marble weights; spinning items, and over 150 gold, silver, and bronze coins.*

Interpretations of room:

From the report (PAH III:69﹣71) it is not possible to establish whether these finds were made in entrancewayVIII 2,27 or in the lower-floor rooms to which it leads.** If it were the latter, then this is reminiscent of the storage in the rooms below the bath suite in the Casa del Menandro. While this assemblage might have been hoarded during the final eruption, the presence of iron tools suggests that its deposition had not been straightforward, as is argued for the finds in the Casa del Menandro.

*This report of the assemblage in the entranceway VIII 2,27 appears to record the same finds as were reportedly made in House VIII 2,28 (PAH II:160-64). It is, therefore, not possible to ascertain which had been the correct location for this assemblage or which house is being referred to in GdSc (Napoli) no. 17.

* *These discoveries were made in the presence of the royal family, which also throws doubt on all the items in the collection actually having all had the same provenance.


Upper Levels in House VIII 2,26

Description of room:

Stairway k indicates that this house had an upper story. Nothing about it was recorded, however.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

Unprovenanced. Two bronze coins were discovered during the cleaning of the front hall area.

Interpretations of room:

None.