Information concerning the rooms in House VIII 5,9

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Entranceway 01
Room 01a
Room 01b
Room 01c
Front hall 02
Room 03
Room 04
Room 05
Room 06
Room 07
Room 08
Room 09
Room g
Room f
Corridor e
Room d
Room a
Stairway c
Room b
Garden h
Room m
Area o
Room n
Corridor 10
Room i
Room k
Room l
Upper Levels

Entranceway 01 in House VIII 5,9

Description of room:

Entranceway 01 led from the south side of the Via dell'Abbondanza to front hall 02. There is no record or visible evidence of the wall covering or pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

This room has a downpipe in the east wall, presumably to carry water from an upper floor.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Room 01a in House VIII 5,9

Description of room:

Room 01a was fully open along its north side onto the south side of the Via dell'Abbondanza. It was not directly connected to this house but surrounded by spaces that were. There is no record or visible evidence of the wall covering or pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

In the northeast corner of this room was a circular base, possibly a chimney. In the southeast corner was a podium with a downpipe above.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Room 01b in House VIII 5,9

Description of room:

Room 01b was fully open along its north side onto the south side of the Via dell'Abbondanza. It was connected to room 09 in this house through a narrow entrance in the west end of the south wall. Another narrow doorway in the south end of the east wall led to the street between the east and west sections of this insula. The walls were coarsely plastered. There is no record or visible evidence of the pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

The east wall of this room had a downpipe.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Room 01c in House VIII 5,9

Description of room:

Room 01c was fully open along its north side onto the south side of the Via dell'Abbondanza. It was connected to room 03 in this house through a narrow entrance in the center of the south wall. The walls were furbished with pink plaster. There is no record or visible evidence of the pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

This room had a possible disturbance breach at the south end of the west wall.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Front hall 02 in House VIII 5,9

Description of room:

Front hall 02 was entered through entranceway 01 from the north. Rooms 03, 04, and 05 open off its west side; rooms 06 and 08 off the east side; and corridor e and rooms f and g off the south side. The walls were plastered. There is no record or visible evidence of the pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

The central water-catchment pool (impluvium) was furbished in tufa.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Room 03 in House VIII 5,9

Description of room:

Room 03 was in the northwest corner of front hall 02 and was entered from it through a doorway in the east wall. The walls were furbished in pink plaster. There is no record or visible evidence of the pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

A stairway ascended along the south wall of this room.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Room 04 in House VIII 5,9

Description of room:

Room 04 was on the west side of front hall 02 and was entered from it through a narrow doorway towards the north end of the east wall. Another narrow doorway in the east end of the south wall provided access to room 05. The walls were plastered. There is no record or visible evidence of the pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Room 05 in House VIII 5,9

Description of room:

Room 05 was on the west side of front hall 02 and was fully open onto it along its east side. A narrow doorway in the east end of the north wall provided access to room 04. The walls were plastered. There is no record or visible evidence of the pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Room 06 in House VIII 5,9

Description of room:

Room 06 was on the east side of front hall 02 and was fully open onto it along its east side. A narrow doorway in the center of the west wall provided access to room 07. There is no record or visible evidence of the wall covering or pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Room 07 in House VIII 5,9

Description of room:

Room 07 was to the east side of room 06 and was accessible from it through a narrow doorway in the center of the west wall. There is no record or visible evidence of the wall covering or pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Room 08 in House VIII 5,9

Description of room:

Room 08 was on the east side of front hall 02 and was entered from it through a narrow doorway in the center of the west wall. The walls were plastered. There is no record or visible evidence of the pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Room 09 in House VIII 5,9

Description of room:

Room 09 was to the north of room 08 and was entered from it through a narrow doorway in the west end of the south wall. Another narrow doorway in the west end of the north wall provided access from room 01b. The walls were furbished with pink plaster. There is no record or visible evidence of the pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Room g in House VIII 5,9

Description of room:

Room g was in the southwest corner of front hall 02 and was entered from it through a narrow doorway at the east end of the north wall. Another narrow doorway in the center of the south wall provided access to garden h. The walls were furbished with coarse plaster except that one had a rough painting of an aedicula and two figures (Mau 1883:175). There is no record or visible evidence of pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

This room had possible disturbance breaches towards the south end of the east and west walls.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

In the southwest corner was a small rustic structure with traces of carbon. An iron brazier was found near the southeast corner. Other finds included two bronze lamp-stands, two bronze pots, one decorated bronze jug, a bronze plumb line, and three bronze coins.

Interpretations of room:

Braziers have been found in or near the garden in other houses in this sample (for example, in the Casa di Julius Polybius, Casa del Menandro, and Casa dell'Efebo). The finds generally suggest cooking and eating in a formal context that was seemingly a habitual activity for a room opening onto a garden. However, the construction of what may have been a hearth in such an area and the discovery of a plumb line suggest disruption.


Room f in House VIII 5,9

Description of room:

Room f was on the south side of front hall 02 and was fully open onto it along the north side. The south side was fully open onto garden h, and a narrow doorway in the south end of the east wall provided access from corridor e. The walls were furbished with coarse plaster (Mau 1883:174). The pavement was in lavapesta with a simple design in white tesserae.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

This room had a possible disturbance breach in the west wall towards the south end.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

Two wooden chests were reported from here. One contained a quantity of red earth. The other contained thirty-seven neatly stacked ceramic cups. Another fifty-three cups and thirty-seven unused ceramic lamps were also reported from this room.

Interpretations of room:

The large quantity of cups and lamps might seem to surpass the domestic requirements of a house of this size. However, considerable collections of what may have been replacement lamps were observed in other houses, however (for example, rooms 13 and 14 of the Casa dell'Efebo, room 12 of House I 10,8, and front hall b in the Casa dei Ceii). It is possible that other household items were stocked in a similar fashion, although it is noteworthy that no comparably homogeneous assemblages were found in other houses. Jean-Paul Morel (1979:251) observed that the cups and the lamps were from a number of different potteries, many in southern Gaul as well as in southern Italy (see also Atkinson 1914:27﹣64). Whether this indicates commercial activity or bulk domestic storage, it does not accord with the functions traditionally ascribed to a tablinum. The red earth may have been related to redecoration activity (see room 10 in House I 10,8).


Corridor e in House VIII 5,9

Description of room:

Corridor e provided access from the south side of front hall 02 to garden h. Narrow doorways in the south end of its east and west walls provided access to rooms d and f respectively. The walls were furbished with pink plaster. There is no record or visible evidence of a pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.i

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Room d in House VIII 5,9

Description of room:

Room d was in the southeast corner of front hall 02 and was entered from corridor e through a narrow doorway in the south end of the west wall. Further narrow doorways in the north and south ends of the east wall provided access to room a and stairway c, respectively. The walls were decorated in the First Style, consisting of a yellow socle zone with bands and white plaster above. There is no record or visible evidence of pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

There was bench in the northwest corner of this room. The loose finds consisted of a bronze cooking pot, two ceramic vessels, and two ceramic lamps.

Interpretations of room:

According to Mau (1883:177), this had once been an open room decorated in the First Style, but it was later converted into a kitchen. The finds imply cooking activities.


Room a in House VIII 5,9

Description of room:

Room a was on the east side of room d and was entered from it through a narrow doorway in the center of the west wall. The walls were furbished with coarse gray plaster. There is no record or visible evidence of pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Stairway c in House VIII 5,9

Description of room:

Stairway c was also on the east side of room d and consisted of a wooden stairway that ascended from the street to an upper story. Underneath was a small space accessible from room d to the west. The walls above the stairway were furbished with coarse gray plaster. There is no record or visible evidence of pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Room b in House VIII 5,9

Description of room:

Room b is on the north side of stairway c and was entered from it through a narrow doorway in the east end of the south wall. There is no record or visible evidence of the wall covering or pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

In this room were found an amphora, two small glass bottles, a bronze buckle (reportedly for a horse), a bone tessera, and three bronze coins.

Interpretations of room:

Mau (1883:177) identified this room as a storeroom. In general, the finds were related to gaming, adornment, toiletry, and bulk storage. The buckle was not necessarily associated with horse equipment (see buckles found in hall 41 in the Casa del Menandro).


Garden h in House VIII 5,9

Description of room:

Garden h (figure D.224) was entered from the front-hall area through corridor e or rooms f and g. It was also entered from the street to the east of this insula through corridor 10. Rooms o and m opened off its west side and room l off its east side. This garden area consisted of colonnaded ambulatories along the north and east sides and a small open garden in the southwest area. The walls were simply decorated with red painted plaster (Mau 1883:176). There is no record or visible evidence of pavement in the ambulatories.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

This garden has a large pool against the south wall. A puteal was found in the northwest corner of the colonnade. Near the east jamb to room f were found a iron food warmer, a bronze jug, and fittings either from a chest, casket, or a door. A ceramic jug and an amphora were also found in this garden.

Interpretations of room:

The food warmer suggests similar formal eating activity, as did the finds in room g.


Room m in House VIII 5,9

Description of room:

Room m was on the west side of garden h and was entered from it through a wide doorway in the center of the east wall. A narrow doorway in the east end of the south wall provided access from room O. The walls were furbished with pink plaster, and the pavement was in cocciopesto.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

The south wall of this room had a recess (figure D.225). The finds here included twelve amphorae, a small pot containing lime, a bronze basin, iron tools, bronze tweezers, and two bronze coins.

Interpretations of room:

According to Mau (1883:176), this was a triclinium that had been well painted in the Second Style and then later covered with coarse plaster and used as a storeroom. The finds seem predominantly industrial rather than domestic. This room had either been used for bulk storage or for some industrial activity, conceivably reconstruction and refurbishing (see rooms A and Y in the Casa di Julius Polybius).


Area o in House VIII 5,9

Description of room:

Area o (figure D.226) was on the west side of garden h and was entered from it through a narrow doorway in the east end of the north wall. Another narrow doorway to the west of the first provided access to room m. The walls were plastered. There is no record or visible evidence of pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

This area had a bench or hearth in the northwest corner. In the southeast corner was a mound, reportedly related to washing. Beside it was a masonry basin. The north wall had a niche, and a stairway ascended outside room n. On the latter were found five amphorae.

Interpretations of room:

The fixtures indicate that this had been a kitchen area. The placement of vessels on a stairway has been observed in other houses. According to Mau (1883:176), the space between area o and garden had once been a vaulted cubiculum decorated in the Fourth Style, but it had been destroyed.


Room n in House VIII 5,9

Description of room:

Room n was in the northwest corner of room o and entered from it through a narrow doorway in the north end of the east wall. The area in front of this room had been decorated in the Second Style with red bands above a yellow socle zone (Mau 1883:176). There is no record or visible evidence of pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

This room had a niche in the west wall.

Interpretations of room:

According to Mau (1883:176), this had been a slave's bedroom.


Corridor 10 in House VIII 5,9

Description of room:

Corridor 10 led from the street to the east of this insula to garden h. Room i opened off its north side and rooms k and l off its south side. The walls were plastered. There is no record or visible evidence of pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Room i in House VIII 5,9

Description of room:

Room i was on the north side of corridor 10 and entered from it through a narrow doorway in the center of the south wall. There is no record or visible evidence of the wall covering or pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

No finds were reported.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Room k in House VIII 5,9

Description of room:

Room k was on the south side of corridor 10 and entered from it through a narrow doorway in the center of the north wall. The walls were furbished with a high pink socle with coarse gray plaster above. There is no record or visible evidence of pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

This room contained a latrine.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Room l in House VIII 5,9

Description of room:

Room l was on the south side of corridor 10 and entered from it through a narrow doorway in the center of the north wall. Another narrow doorway in the south end of the west wall provided access from garden h. The walls were furbished with white plaster. There is no record or visible evidence of pavement.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

The south wall of this room had two rows of shelves.

Interpretations of room:

None.


Upper Levels in House VIII 5,9

Description of room:

Stairways in room 03 and outside room n suggested upper-story rooms on the west side of this house, which were accessible from it. Stairway c suggests separate upper-story rooms on the east side.

Condition of volcanic deposit:

No stratigraphical information.

Summary of Finds and Fixtures Distribution:

A ceramic lamp and two bronze coins were found in the upper levels of the volcanic deposit, possibly above room m.

Interpretations of room:

None