Philopappos Monument (Tomb of Caius Julius Antiochos Philopappos). Built between 114 and 116 A.D. Philopappos was a member of the royal family of Commagene, a small Hellenistic kingdom in SE Turkey and northern Syria. The Roman emperor Vespasian annexed the kingdom to the Roman empire in 72 A.D., and the royal family was sent into exile. Philopappos lived in Athens and became an Athenian citizen (of the deme of Besa). He was also a Roman citizen and and held several very important offices during the reign of the emperor Trajan, including that of consul. Since the Athenians allowed him to be buried in this very elaborate mausoleum right opposite the Acropolis, we suspect that he also must have been an important benefactor of the ancient city of Athens. In this photo you see the front of the tomb, facing the Acropolis. There would have been a burial chamber behind it, in which was placed the sarcophagus with Philopappos' remains. Photo taken June 12, 2002.