Personal names and prosopographical links


Tagging of names, person references, and links to prosopographical disambiguation.

Personal names in the text may be tagged using the <persName> element.

<persName>Amias Olympias</persName>

TEI includes several elements for marking up the individual subparts of a personal name, including <forename>, <surname>, <addName>, <genName> and <roleName>. Most EpiDoc projects however have decided that these do not unproblematically map onto the nomenclature of Greek and Roman antiquity, or other cultures whose documentary texts are being encoded, and so the more generic element <name> has been used to encode the individual names within a complete person reference. The type attribute on <name> may be used to specify the class of name.

<persName type="attested">
 <name type="praenomen">
 <name type="gentilicium">Flauio</name>
 <name type="cognomen">Hiceto</name>
(IRT: 95)

The reccommended usage of type on <persName>, as applied in projects using the London style (IAph, IRT, IRCyr, IOSPE), inlcudes five values:

<persName type="attestedref="#person138">
 <name nymRef="Θεόδωρος">Θεωδόρου</name>
<persName type="emperor">
 <name nymRef="Marcustype="praenomen">
 <name nymRef="Aurellius"
 <name nymRef="Antoninus"
 <name nymRef="Piustype="cognomen">Pio</name>
 <name nymRef="Felixtype="cognomen">Felici</name>
 <name nymRef="Augustustype="cognomen">
 <name nymRef="Parthicustype="cognomen">Parthico</name>
 <w lemma="magnus">maximo</w>
 <name nymRef="Britannicustype="cognomen">Britanico</name>
 <w lemma="magnus">maximo</w>
 <name nymRef="Germanicustype="cognomen">Germanico</name>
(IRT: 941)
<persName type="divinekey="ststephen">
  <w lemma="ἅγιος">ἁγήου</w>
 <name nymRef="Στέφανος">Στεφάνου</name>
<persName type="other">
 <name nymRef="Ἀνχίσης">Ἀνχίσου</name>
(InsAph: 9.35)

A personla name of an attested individual, invluding cognomina but not "Imperator", shoud be tagged as a <name>. An imperial cognomen such as "Sarmaticus" should be tagged as a name. The element <name> cannot take part, so in the case of an incomplete name, a <seg> element needs to appear inside the <name>.

Where a personal name string includes a patronymic, or other references to people such as adoptive father, husband, owner/patron etc., a further <persName> element may be nested inside the first, such that, for example, "Apollonios son of Adrastos" is identified as one person, while his father "Adrastos" is another.

Just as the lemmata of words may be recorded to facilitate indexing or searching, names may be linked to their nominative-singular form (or similar in other languages). No lemma attribute is available on <name> or <persName>, however, so the more involved attribute nymRef should be used instead. This attribute should contain a URL or other URI pointing to the standard form of this name in a database or online onomasticon. Note that the nymRef attribute identifies the standard form of a name, not the unique person to whom this name refers (on which see below).

Individual persons may also identified by a ref attribute containing a URL or other URI pointing to an entry in a person database or online prosopography (see further Indexing and controlling persons and names).

<persName ref="prosopography.xml#p128">
 <name nymRef="nametable.xml#Εὔμαχος">Εὔμαχος</name>
 <persName ref="prosopography.xml#p129">
  <name nymRef="nametable.xml#Ἀθηνάγορας">Ἀθηναγόρου</name>
  <persName ref="prosopography.xml#p130">
   <name nymRef="nametable.xml#Ἀθηνάγορας">Ἀθηναγόρου</name>
   <persName ref="prosopography.xml#p131">
    <name nymRef="nametable.xml#Εὔμαχος">Εὐμάχου</name>
 <name nymRef="nametable.xml#Διογένης">Διογένης</name>
(InsAph: 1.4)

See also:

Other pages describing <persName>:

Other pages describing <name>:

Responsibility for this section

  1. Simona Stoyanova, author
  2. Gabriel Bodard, author

EpiDoc version: 8.23

Date: 2017-03-14